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Neuroscience has employed and built upon an existing body of research from the natural, physical and social sciences, as well as the humanities in attempts to establish a comprehensive understanding of the structure and function of nervous systems and the brain.
Utilizing ever more sophisticated tools, the multi-disciplinary approaches of neuroscience have enabled a number of exciting discoveries, and concomitantly challenged extant ideas about the relationship of brain and mind, and what such constructs—as well as the direction and momentum of neuroscientific inquiry itself—might mean and incur for the philosophies, moral beliefs, attitudes and values, ethical standpoints, and laws that define the social sphere.
Addressing such difficult questions—and answers—is the basis of the discipline of neuroethics.
The term, “neuroethics” was introduced by Anneliese Pontius in a paper entitled “Neuro-ethics of ‘walking’ in the newborn”, which appeared in August 1973 in the journal ] and the term – and field - became broadly, if not publicly identified as a result of William Safire’s opening lecture “Visions for a New Field of ‘Neuroethics’” at the 2002 Dana Foundation conference ].
BIOETHICSLINE records were incorporated into Pub Med and NLM Catalog in 2000.
citation manager program was utilized to eliminate duplicate reference citations.Considered to be the discipline’s “coming out conference” speakers called attention to neuroethical areas of inquiry, which encompass “…what is right and wrong, good and bad about the treatment of, or unwelcome invasion of and worrisome manipulation of the human brain” .Yet, such a definition belied the richness of this newly emerging field.The included entries have been selected from numerous journal articles, books, book chapters, and digital documents, written in several languages.In this way, the present work is intended to provide a comprehensive, although not exhaustive, resource of available information on the topic.The following references are to articles, book chapters, and monographs that provide overviews/reviews of neuroethics as a field of study.